These soldiers are considered to be the most suitable to represent the U. The Old Guard is comprised of three battalions 1 , with two of them residing at Ft. The battalions are organized in several companies to fulfill their mission, and the following specialty platoons:. The Tomb is comprised of three Tomb squads "reliefs", 1st, 2nd and 3rd Reliefs. The reliefs are organized based on height, so that the Tomb Guards are similar in size during the Changing of the Guard.
Although the Sergeant of the Guard can organize reliefs based operational needs.
To be considered for an appointment, the soldier must be highly motivated and disciplined, and possess a strong military bearing and soldierly appearance. If appointed, the soldier is assigned to the Tomb for an initial two week training period. The period focuses on basic Changing of the Guard sequences, uniform preparation, and memorization of a basic "knowledge" packet about the Tomb and ANC. At the conclusion of the two weeks, the soldiers are tested in these areas. If they pass, they are assigned to one of three reliefs as a trainee for an intense training period.
If they fail, they are assigned back to their company. Upon reporting to a relief, the trainee is assigned a Tomb Guard trainer. The trainer is a mentor who is expected to mold the trainee into a Tomb Guard. The trainer informs the trainee of what is expected of them, including following strict rules, training guidelines, and the need for complete dedication and commitment to the Tomb. Then the trainer teaches, monitors, inspects, and test the trainee during the training cylce. The training cycle is intense, consisting of a series of five exhaustive tests over six to twelve months.
The tests focus on outside performance Changing of the Guard, and "Walking the Mat" 1 , uniform preparation, and knowledge. Outside performance tests on weapons manual, ceremonial steps, cadence, military bearing, and orders. Uniform preparation tests on Tomb uniform standards 2 for the Army Dress Blues, Shoes "Spits", glasses, and brass and metals. Knowledge tests on 35 pages of information on the history of the Tomb and ANC, for which the trainee must recite verbatim - including punctuation.
The tests are progressive, demanding quantifiable improvement and demonstrated performance. If the trainee completes the training cycle and passes the tests, they will be able to flawlessly conduct seven different types of ceremonies, to meet the highest standards of uniform preparation, and recite 35 pages of information without error.
If the trainee fails any test, they are assigned back to their company. The successful trainee is awarded the Tomb Guard Identification Badge Badge , and will be referred to thereafter as a Tomb Guard - and affectionately known by their peers as "Badgeholder". The Badge is the least awarded badge in the Army, and the second least awarded badge in the U. The Badge is the only military badge that can be revoked for any action that brings disrespect to the Tomb during the lifetime of the Tomb Guard.
The relief is lead by a Commander of the Relief Staff Sergeant who is responsible for the operation, welfare and morale of the relief. Ideally, the relief will consist of two teams, each consisting of an Assistant Relief Commander Sergeant and four additional Tomb Guards for a total of nine soldiers. The Platoon Leader oversees the administrative and operational functions of the Tomb. In addition, they serve in various ceremonial functions on the company level. The Sergeant of the Guard oversees the same day-to-day functions, mentors and develops junior Non-Commissioned Officers, and conducts presidential wreath laying ceremonies.
The three reliefs are on duty utilizing 24 hour rotational shifts. The Tomb Guards' day begins at A.
The Tomb Guards will inspect the quarters, prepare their uniforms, review orders, and receive their duty assignments. At A. If a trainee meets relevant standards, the Tomb Guard may allow them to walk the morning "bolo" 2 at A. The evening "bolo" will be the final change and walk of the day. During summer hours, the Changing of the Guard ceremony takes place every half-hour, and during winter hours every hour.
What looks to me like an impenetrable thicket is, for Ashley and other locals, a curtain of privacy. After we drop anchor, we wade towards the golden sand before us. Three sides of the island are flanked with mangroves, making the beach seem like a stage. On it, I find camping chairs carried ashore for the day and rusted barbecues that have taken up permanent residence. A tiny blonde boy, his limbs turned the color of caramel by the southern sun, stands before a cluster of signs. Children make their way through the trees.
He describes the moment he tried to kiss Ashley in those very mangroves. He calls my attention to a rope hammock, waiting in a shady alcove. I notice several chest-high palm trees, ringed with stones. When their pets die, they bury them here or erect memorials on the beach.
A laminated piece of paper, anchored by two rocks, serves as a placard at the base of a palmetto. A roughhewn wood headstone marks another burial spot. My foot sinks deep into the muck—so deep that I have a hard time pulling it up. I insist that I can manage on my own. Only after I accept his arm do I manage to free my leg. Clouds of sand rise from the bottom and A. We reach dry sand without incident.
I step onto the land and peek around the mangroves. The beach opens up before me, a soft hill of pure white, like a sugar mound. He picks up what looks like a brown green bean.
Shop now and earn 2 points per $1
They float, take root where they can. As I follow, he tells me a local legend about the place. Supposedly, a drug dealer buried his fortune here. In either case, the fellow ended up dead and his buddy dug up the money. Hence, the hill of sand.
The Nameless Islands
Nearly everyone I speak to in St. On a rainy afternoon I head over to the lighthouse on St. Of course, it was in the past. But both nature and man have had a hand in changing the coastline. Instead, I find a lean blonde who appears to be in his early to mid-thirties. Burke listens, his brow furrowed. Burke produces an image of a map. Anastasia Island or Slaughter Island. Anastasia Island. A minister from the nearby Episcopalian Church who dropped in to chat with owner John Bouvier mused that, perhaps, a Protestant mapmaker got rid of it.
His explanation was as good as any, seeing how neither Bouvier nor Burke know why St. Anastasia won out over Slaughter, only to morph into Anastasia.
I spend an afternoon there only to find no beaches, no central gathering place, no stores, no restaurants, only residential areas. But the neighborhood streets are empty, save for parked cars.
Conflicted names and unnamed islands persist off the coast of St. Augustine, as well. Never heard of that. Augustine for so long from the marauding Georgians in the 18th century. Growing up in Florida meant class trips to St. Augustine, where we visited a different fort, the Castillo de San Marcos. It was founded by the Spaniards and—according to version of Florida history I learned at school—ensured the survival of St.
In , with the blessing of the Spanish colonel governor, they established Fort Mose.
- A Sea Queens Sailing (TREDITION CLASSICS).
- Poetry in My Coffee!
- Double Cross Roads;
- The Sentinel's Creed.
- Gear reviews?
- LA TABERNA DEL DIABLO (Spanish Edition).
- Everything You Need To Know About RRSPs And How To Make Them Work For You?
The British Georgians had long had their eyes on northeast Florida; for a century, the Spaniards lived under threat. And so Fort Mose became the sentry for the rest of St. When the British finally attempted to invade in , the strategically positioned black fighters hit them hard with muskets. By the time the marauding British reached the Castillo de San Marcos, they were weak enough that the Spaniards could hold them off.
Or, rather, I head to the site that the settlement used to occupy. Nothing remains of the original wooden structures. The blink-or-you-miss-it entrance is on a busy stretch of U. And I do, in fact, miss it. After a U-turn—and after Waze directs me not to the park entrance but to a dead end street adjacent to the park—I arrive at the place that was so important to St. Inside the small museum, a young, African American family of four mills about, looking at the exhibition.
When the settlement was here, it was all one piece of land. The fort itself was on what is, today, an island. Tiseth welcomes me into the office, where she uses the dry erase board to illustrate. She curves her pen across the board in one smooth stroke, simulating the rising water, severing the path.
A one story, pink building, its paned windows are edged by large white shutters. I enter and find Hambright in the archives. Hambright eases his tall, lanky frame behind his desk. Hambright, I learn, is from North Carolina. My grandmother used to tell me stories when I was very little… and before I could even read and write I got interested in history. First, we need to bear in mind that Florida changed hands numerous times.
Initially settled by Native Americans, it was first colonized by the Spanish. The Spaniards ceded control to the English, in exchange for Cuba, only to regain the territory briefly before Florida joined the United States of America in According to Hambright, the English changed all the names. The Spanish were not always accurate interpreters. But they were the first to put things in writing. Both names and history were lost amid all the shuffling.
And, as is the case in North Florida, mysteries persist. And why in did the Indians raid the [American] settlement [there]? Or maybe not. The mosquitoes were so thick that the animals would breathe them in and actually drown. Just as A. We need to center ourselves on the water and understand land through a navigational lens. So some names are based on what the islands looked like from the ocean.
Both the locals and the U. That they concentrated their efforts in the Middle Keys could explain why some islands in the southern stretch remain unnamed. And, as Google Maps reminds, even chart makers get things wrong. Name changes continue today, mostly for commercial reasons. What was long known as Tank Island, for example, has been rechristened as the more marketable Sunset Key.
The land itself is, as well. Sand Key which is close to here, where the lighthouse is, comes and goes. Cyr wears the same I-live-on-the-water-uniform as A. His blue eyes, ruddy cheeks, and small nose lend him a boyish look. Once that [land] goes underwater, any turtles that are under [the sand] would suffocate.
So it has to have air. He would know—he sees it almost every day. Like his father, Cyr makes his living in these waters working as a fishing guide. But, being kids, we would venture out. Today, he navigates without a nautical chart or GPS, using memory and sight. Water color speaks depth. Early the following morning we meet at a Key West marina with a menacing name—Hurricane Hole.